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Common Medical Problems Related to Big Dog Breeds

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Introduction

Big dog breeds are such loyal and friendly creatures that love you more than you love yourself. Big dogs are always renowned for their excellent communication, social behavior and miraculous intelligence. Being the creatures of God, we all undergo various health and medical issues in our daily lives. Big dog breeds also experience such hundreds of medical issues that needed to be addressed to their owners. This article is focused on the different medical issues related to dogs that we face in a veterinary healthcare sector.

Unlike humans, dogs cannot convey their illness correctly, and their owner needs to know about the ongoing pathology. Diseases in big dog breeds are prevalent; that is why we should know about these diseases’ common presentations and their cure. We discuss these in our blog to know it well whenever your pet has any conditions and consult the healthcare practitioner if required.

Ophthalmological Issues in Dogs

We Usually see people coming to the veterinary clinic complaining about the whitish opacity in the eyes of their dog. It is a relatively common condition in our setting may be present at the time of birth or is developed at later ages. This opacity is called a cataract, and it results in blurring of vision in our dog. There is nothing to worry about as phacoemulsification techniques are present that remove these opacities.

People do come with their big dog breeds complaining that they have excessive discharge from the eyes(Gerding, McLaughlin, and Troop 1988). History is essential to rule out; either it is traumatic or allergic. The healthcare practitioner assesses the dog based on history and examination. Anti-allergy drops are advised in case of an allergic reaction while appropriate first aid is done in any injury to the eye.

Some big dog breeds also present to the veterinary clinic with severe pus discharge from the eyes secondary to an eye infection. We usually observe discharge and our pet screaming with pain. It is managed efficiently by injectable and oral antibiotics if your pet reaches the veterinary clinic in time.

Bone and Joint Issues in Big Dogs

Like humans, dogs also underwent problems like bone and joint weakness(McCourt et al. 2019). It is usually presented in a way that their owner observes the sluggish behaviour of their dog. They see that their dog is feeling pain while walking and are more interested in lying all day. In these cases, the Doctor educates the owner regarding the exercise and diet of the pet. Moreover, he also commences the pet on Vitamin D and Calcium Tablets so that Doctor can cure the osteoarthritis or porosis of the bone.

Ear Problems encountered by Big Dogs

We also receive dogs owners who complain that their dog has ear discharge and is not responding correctly to his call(Korbelik et al. 2019). Upon examination, most of the time, the dog has struck something in the ear, resulting in the ear infection. That is an alarming situation if the dog present to our clinic late. This situation is treated by commencing the dog on antibiotic drugs and proper counselling of the owner to take care of their dog when playing on the farm.

Gastrointestinal Issues in Big Dogs

We often come across the dog owners’ complaints that their dog has loose stools and screams with pain(Whitehead, Cortes, and Eirmann 2016). That is a common condition called infectious diarrhoea, like Humans, dogs also come across such infections that can be curable with proper counselling and commencement of antibiotics and antidiarrheals. Most of the time, the owners take their dog to the veterinary clinic very early, and it is the right approach. Failure to take your dog results in excessive dehydration and may be fatal.

Respiratory Issues in Big Dogs

Allergies, Cough, Shortness of breath and excessive sneezing are common issues encountered in a veterinary Health clinic. We usually receive dogs complaining of extreme cough secondary to seasonal variations and chest infections(Ferasin and Linney 2019). They are straightway commenced on Antitussive and Cough suppressants. Moreover, clinical assessment is done by the practitioner to assess the cause of sneezing, which can be an allergy or any other reason related to the respiratory tract.

Parasitic Infections in Big Dogs

Playing in the fields, our dog may get many worms that can lead to severe consequences. The presentation can be either excessive itching or may lead to anaemia and other devastating indications. We usually do some workup to rule out the organism if it is not invading the skin. We typically start topical therapy, but in some worm infections that can target our blood and lungs, we have to begin Oral Antiparasitic Drugs on Urgent Basis. The Only Way to avoid this is to check your dog for any worm attach to the skin so that Health Care Practitioner can do timely prevention.

CoMorbidities in Big Dogs

These can be present in the form of Hypertension, Diabetes and Obesity. Obesity is expected in the dogs who remain in bed and don’t have any physical activity. We usually advise a proper walk to the dog that are obese because it can prevent them from harmful diseases. Apart from this with age, we can have dogs that present to our clinic with malignancies. We have to give them proper care and manage them conservatively to live their remaining life peacefully.

Traumatic Injuries to Big Dogs

Many times, big dog breeds present to our clinic with accidents and polytraumatic injuries associated with fights(Lafuente and Whyle 2018). We usually first resuscitate the dog on a priority basis and then do the proper definitive management to fix fractures and other abnormalities. If unfortunately, your dog underwent such injuries, do apply a tourniquet onto the dog and send the dog to the nearby clinic so that we can save its life.

Conclusion

Big dog breeds, like other creatures, do have medical and healthcare issues. The owner should know about the common medical conditions that their dog may have some time in his life. The big dog breeds are loyal to humans and we strongly believe that loyalty should be given back to them.So we should do our best take care of them.

Ferasin, L., and C. Linney. 2019. “Coughing in Dogs: What Is the Evidence for and against a Cardiac Cough?” The Journal of Small Animal Practice 60 (3). https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12976.

Gerding, P. A., S. A. McLaughlin, and M. W. Troop. 1988. “Pathogenic Bacteria and Fungi Associated with External Ocular Diseases in Dogs: 131 Cases (1981-1986).” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 193 (2). https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3403357/.

Korbelik, J., A. Singh, J. Rousseau, and J. S. Weese. 2019. “Characterization of the Otic Bacterial Microbiota in Dogs with Otitis Externa Compared to Healthy Individuals.” Veterinary Dermatology 30 (3). https://doi.org/10.1111/vde.12734.

Lafuente, P., and C. Whyle. 2018. “A Retrospective Survey of Injuries Occurring in Dogs and Handlers Participating in Canicross.” Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T 31 (5). https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1661390.

McCourt, M. R., E. Stayton, C. Weir, A. Pavuk, and T. E. Rizzi. 2019. “What Is Your Diagnosis? Lytic Bone Lesion in a Dog.” Veterinary Clinical Pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology 48 (4). https://doi.org/10.1111/vcp.12785.

Whitehead, K., Y. Cortes, and L. Eirmann. 2016. “Gastrointestinal Dysmotility Disorders in Critically Ill Dogs and Cats.” Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care  26 (2). https://doi.org/10.1111/vec.12449.

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